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Chapter 5: Hope is f*cked

The conflict maintains the hope. So, we’ve got it backwards: everything being f*cked doesn’t require hope; hope requires everything being f*cked.

There are two points of view on hope: hope as an antidote to all evil and hope as another form of evil. There are both healthy and damaging forms of hope.

Experiences generate emotions, emotions generate values, and values generate narratives of meaning. People who share similar narratives come together to generate religions. The conflicts between religions must exist because they maintain the meaning and purpose for people within the group.

The sources of hope that give our life a sense of meaning are also sources of division and hate. Therefore, hope is destructive. It depends on the rejection of what currently is. Hope requires us to be anti-something, to renounce a part of ourselves or the world.

Friedrich Nietzsche, one of the most influential thinkers of all time, believed that we must look beyond values, beyond good and evil. He claimed that future greatness in human beings had to begin with amor fati—a love of one’s fate—to want nothing to be different.

It is an unconditional acceptance of all life and experience: loving one’s pain and embracing suffering. You close the separation between your desires and reality by simply desiring reality.

Actions to take